Academia de Studii Economice Bucuresti

Amfiteatru Economic
Facultatea de Business si Turism

Mobility in Europe: Recent Trends from a Cluster Analysis

Author:Ioana Manafi, Daniela Marinescu, Monica Roman and Karen Hemming

JEL:J61, F22, C38, R23


Keywords:mobility/migration, cluster analysis, migration patterns, sending/receiving countries.

During the past decade, Europe was confronted with major changes and events offering large opportunities for mobility. The EU enlargement process, the EU policies regarding youth, the economic crisis affecting national economies on different levels, political instabilities in some European countries, high rates of unemployment or the increasing number of refugees are only a few of the factors influencing net migration in Europe. Based on a set of socio-economic indicators for EU/EFTA countries and cluster analysis, the paper provides an overview of regional differences across European countries, related to migration magnitude in the identified clusters. The obtained clusters are in accordance with previous studies in migration, and appear stable during the period of 2005-2013, with only some exceptions. The analysis revealed three country clusters: EU/EFTA center-receiving countries, EU/EFTA periphery-sending countries and EU/EFTA outlier countries, the names suggesting not only the geographical position within Europe, but the trends in net migration flows during the years. Therewith, the results provide evidence for the persistence of a movement from periphery to center countries, which is correlated with recent flows of mobility in Europe.
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